CPB distributes its appropriation in accordance with a statutory formula under which around 72 percent of funds go directly to local stations. CPB also supports the creation of content for radio, television and other platforms. The Public Broadcasting Act ensures diversity in content by requiring CPB to fund independent and minority producers.
Funding for CPB helps to support more than 21,000 American jobs, which contribute more than $1 billion to the national economy.
CPB funds the Independent Television Service and five minority program consortia (representing African American, Latino, Asian American, Native American and Pacific Islander producers), as well as many other independent productions. CPB provides money directly to PBS, primarily to support signature programs like Nova, American Experience, PBS NewsHour, Great Performances, and unrivaled children’s content. CPB’s radio programming funds are competitively awarded after peer review, so NPR, Public Radio International (PRI), American Public Media, and other producers compete for these discretionary funds.
In addition to grants to stations and funding the development of content, by statute CPB spends six percent of its funds on projects that benefit the entire public broadcasting community. Out of this “system support” funding, CPB negotiates and pays music royalties on behalf of all public broadcasting, funds research to explore audience needs and technological opportunities, and pays half the operating costs of the public television interconnection system.
The Public Broadcasting Act limits CPB administrative expenses to “not more than 5 percent of all the amounts appropriated.”
CPB's Federal Appropriation
- Appropriations Request & Justification
- Purpose & History of CPB's Advance Appropriations
- CPB Support for Rural Stations
- Appropriations History by Fiscal Year
- Funding by State